Kimchi

Food Type:
Age Suggestion: 6 months +
Nutrition Rating:How nutritious a food is with a focus on the specific nutrients babies need for optimal growth. The more nutritious a food, the more stars it will have.
Prep Time:How much time a food takes to prepare safely for a baby. The more time-consuming a food is to prepare safely, the more clocks it will have.
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Common Allergen: Yes (
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May cause allergic reactions.

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a pile of kimchi on a table before being prepared for babies starting solid food

When can babies eat kimchi?

Kimchi may be introduced in small amounts as soon as your baby is ready to start solids, which is generally around 6 months of age. 

Kimchi is a popular dish in Korean homes and restaurants alike—both within North and South Korea, and in countries around the world. Globally kimchi is widely recognized as a spicy cabbage dish with lots of garlic, scallions, and heat from chili peppers. But for Koreans (and fans of Korean cooking) kimchi means “fermented vegetables” and describes a wide variety of dishes in which vegetables have been pickled.

Cooks like to make kimchi with all kinds of plants, from cucumbers, eggplants, and tomatoes; to greens like chives, cilantro, mustard leaves, and spinach. In many homes, kimchi is eaten at breakfast, lunch, and dinner—and widely beloved for its savory crunch and healthy probiotics.

Max, 17 months, tries kimchi in rice for the first time.

Is fermented food safe for babies?

Yes. In fact, fermented foods like kimchi are not only safe, they offer numerous health benefits for babies.1 When purchasing kimchi for your baby, look for refrigerated kimchi and check the use-by date to be safe.

Is kimchi healthy for babies?

Yes, in moderation. Kimchi, because it is fermented, supplies your baby with essential bacteria (probiotics) that helps to diversify the gut microbiome, where the majority of the immune system originates. Since babies are born with microbiome DNA—but not the bacteria themselves—it’s important to help cultivate friendly flora in their gastrointestinal tracts. Kimchi can help, but take care to start with a small amount, as it can be high in sodium and very spicy. (Rinsing the kimchi under water will help remove some of the sodium and heat.)

While the nutritional profile depends on the type of vegetables and flavorings used to make the dish, in the United States and other countries that have embraced Korean cooking, kimchi commonly refers to fermented cabbage leaves with chili peppers, garlic, and salt. This variety of kimchi offers lots of B vitamins, along with some vitamin K and iron. 

Is kimchi a choking hazard for babies?

No, preserved/fermented cabbage is not a common choking hazard, though in theory, an individual can choke on any food. Always stay near your baby and check out our age-appropriate serving suggestions below.

For more information, visit our section on gagging and choking and familiarize yourself with common choking hazards.

Is kimchi a common allergen?

Yes. Many kimchi recipes contain anchovy or other salted seafood. While allergies to cabbage itself are extremely rare, babies allergic or sensitive to mustard greens (or mustard seed) may have an allergic reaction to kimchi.2 Be sure to read the labels when you’re buying store-bought kimchi, as there are often many ingredients. 

As you would with any new food, introduce kimchi by serving a scant quantity the first couple of times. If there is no adverse reaction, gradually increase the quantity over future servings. And of course, if you have a family history of allergies, or suspect your baby may be allergic, consult an allergist before introducing kimchi.

How do you prepare kimchi for babies with baby-led weaning?

6 to 12 months old: Purchase fresh kimchi (it will be refrigerated) and look for the lowest sodium brand you can find. Rinse the kimchi in a colander to remove some heat and excess salt before preparing. Finely chop the rinsed kimchi, then serve on its own or fold into other dishes.

12 to 24 months old: Continue to rinse kimchi to reduce the heat and salt. As your baby’s eating skills develop, try serving larger pieces of kimchi to encourage biting, tearing, and chewing.

For more information on how to cut food for your baby’s age, hop over to our section on Food Sizes & Shapes.

★Tip: Kimchi changes with the seasons! There are different methods of making kimchi that reflect the time of year and the availability of vegetables—from winter kimchi made of salted and rinsed cabbage, to spring kimchi made of fresh herbs. Seek out a couple of different kinds of kimchi to offer a taste test to your kids! 

Recipe: Kimchi with Coconut Rice

Ingredients

  • Kimchi (small pinch)
  • 2 cups long grain rice
  • 1 (14 oz.) can coconut milk
  • 1 ½ cups water

Directions

  1. Rinse the rice in a fine mesh colander until the water below runs clear.
  2. In a saucepot, heat up the coconut milk, water, and rice together. Bring to a boil, stir, and reduce the heat and simmer, covered, for 20 minutes.
  3. While the rice is cooking, rinse a pinch of kimchi. The longer you rinse, the less spicy and salty it will be.
  4. Finely chop the rinsed kimchi, and once the rice is done, mix together with a fork. Young babies (6 to 12 months) can scoop up the rice with their hands; older babies may enjoy a pre-loaded spoon or age-appropriate fork. And toddlerswill love trainer chopsticks!

Flavor Pairings

Kimchi offers crunch and a funky, savory (sometimes spicy!) taste that pairs well with meats and fish, pasta and grain dishes, and creamy foods like avocado, coconut, and yogurt. Think of kimchi like a “spice” and try pairing it with your favorite dishes. The possibilities are limitless!

  1. Caregivers’ Knowledge and Use of Fermented Foods for Infant and Young Children Feeding. NCBI Website. Retrieved April 4, 2020.
  2. Blaiss, MS., McCants, ML., Lehrer, SB. (1987). Anaphylaxis to cabbage: detection of allergens. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunology, 58(4):248-50. Retrieved April 2, 2020