Carrots may be introduced as soon as a baby is ready to start solids, which is generally around 6 months of age.
Raw carrot is a common choking hazard, especially in the form of baby carrots and carrot sticks. Keep reading to learn more about safely introducing carrot to babies.
Carrots are often orange and sweet, but they weren’t always that way. The root vegetable originated in Southwest Asia, where humans initially harvested the carrot’s aromatic foliage and seeds as food and medicine. Eventually, people learned to eat the plant’s root as well, which was not orange, but yellow or purple, spindly in shape, and more bitter than the modern carrot. Humans brought the carrot around the world, eventually breeding new varieties in a rainbow of hues – red, gold, purple, white, and variations in between.
Cooper, 7 months, eats cooked carrots for the first time.
Julian, 9 months, eats whole cooked carrots.
Hawii, 11 months, eats cooked carrot.
Yes. Carrots contain fiber to aid digestion and vitamin B6, an essential nutrient to power the growth and development of a baby’s body. A carrot’s superpower is its amazing amount of carotenoids, which are nutrients that convert to vitamin A in the body and support healthy vision.
Carrots come in many colors, and their nutrient density depends more on the quality of the soil in which they’re grown, rather than their hue. Dark orange carrots contain the most vitamin A, while the yellow, orange, purple, and red varieties offer specific plant nutrients that support the body. For example, purple carrots contain anthocyanin, which is a potent antioxidant, and red carrots contain lycopene for heart health.
You may have read that certain foods like carrots contain heavy metals from the soil they grow in. This is true, though you need not avoid carrots entirely. Root vegetables like carrots and potatoes (organic and conventionally grown) can contain trace amounts of arsenic, lead, and other heavy metals in the soil from pollution. This is more of a concern with puréed carrots because the additives baby food companies use can also contain arsenic and other metals but also because babies are likely to consume more of the vegetable in a purée form than they would munching on the whole food. To minimize exposure to heavy metals, refrain from offering rice cereal regularly to babies, serve a wide variety of foods, and opt for the whole food over jarred.
Yes. Carrots are a common choking hazard, particularly baby carrots and carrot sticks. To minimize the risk, cook carrot until soft and cut into age-appropriate sizes. As always, make sure to create a safe eating environment and stay within arm’s reach of baby at mealtime. For more information on choking, visit our sections on gagging and choking and familiarize yourself with the list of common choking hazards.
No. Allergies to carrot are rare, but they have been reported. People who are allergic to birch pollen may be allergic to raw carrots or experience Oral Allergy Syndrome (also known as pollen-food allergy). Oral Allergy Syndrome typically results in short-lived itching, tingling, or burning in the mouth and is unlikely to result in a dangerous reaction. Cooking the carrot can minimize the reaction.
As you would do when introducing any new food, start by serving a small amount on its own for the first couple of times. If there is no adverse reaction, gradually increase the amount served over future servings.
It depends but it is generally safest to wait until closer to age two. Raw baby carrots pose a high choking risk because of their shape and firm texture. Like regular carrots, cooking baby carrots until soft minimizes the risk for babies and young toddlers. To minimize the risk further, slice lengthwise in halves or quarters. Never offer whole raw baby carrots to a baby and only offer raw baby carrots to toddlers when you are confident in the toddler’s chewing abilities, likely around age two.
Carrot chips (pieces of raw, coin-shaped carrot) are considered a challenging-to-chew food and as such are safest for more advanced chewers, closer to two years old or beyond.
Generally, yes. Nitrates are naturally-occurring plant compounds that may negatively affect oxygen levels in blood (methemoglobinemia) when consumed in great excess. But know that organizations such as the American Academy of Pediatrics and the European Food Safety Authority generally view nitrates in vegetables as not a concern for the vast majority of children. Know that the benefits of eating vegetables typically outweigh the risks of any nitrate exposure from vegetables.
Babies who drink formula made with untested well water (which can be extremely high in nitrates) and those with health concerns or who are under 3 months of age (who should not be consuming solids) are more susceptible to the effects of nitrates. To reduce nitrate exposure, avoid consumption of untested well water and take care with purees. When possible, avoid homemade purees made with higher nitrate vegetables that are stored for more than 24 hours and commercial purees not consumed within 24 hours of opening. Higher nitrate vegetables include arugula, beets, carrots, lettuce, spinach, and squash, among others.
Carrots have a sweet vegetal flavor that works well in savory dishes and desserts alike, and are eaten raw, cooked, or preserved around the world. Dig into a region’s cooking culture, and you will likely find a unique version of carrot salad: there are carrots marinated in citrus with onion and garlic; tossed with chile, coconut, and mustard seeds; lightly roasted with oil and bold spices; fermented with cabbage and radish; pickled with herbs and peppercorns, and more.
Every baby develops on their own timeline, and the suggestions on how to cut or prepare particular foods are generalizations for a broad audience. Your child is an individual and may have needs or considerations beyond generally accepted practices. In determining the recommendations for size and shape of foods, we use the best available scientific information regarding gross, fine, and oral motor development to minimize choking risk. The preparation suggestions we offer are for informational purposes only and are not a substitute for child-specific, one-on-one advice from your pediatric medical or health professional or provider. It is impossible to fully eliminate all risk of a baby or child choking on any liquid, puree, or food. We advise you to follow all safety protocols we suggest to create a safe eating environment and to make educated choices for your child regarding their specific needs. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read or seen here.
Cook whole peeled carrot (bigger is better) until it is completely soft and easily pierced with a knife, then cut the vegetable in half lengthwise and hand it over in the air. You can also mash or grate raw or cooked carrot. Help baby self-feed by resting a pre-loaded spoon of mashed or grated carrot in front of baby and let them try to pick it up.
You may, at your own risk, also offer a thick raw carrot stick (aim for around 1 inch or 2 cm in diameter at both ends of the carrot stick, avoiding the tapered end that could more easily snap off), peeled for baby to gnaw, an activity that won’t lead to much food in the belly at that meal, but has immeasurable benefits for strengthening the jaw, helping the tongue learn to move food to the side of the mouth where the molars will eventually grow in, and providing sensory feedback for baby to “map” the inside of the mouth. These actions help support the development of chewing coordination. While unlikely, for babies with teeth and a strong jaw, it is possible to bite off a piece of carrot. If this happens, give baby a moment to spit it out, keeping your fingers out of baby’s mouth. You can help by putting your hand on baby’s back and gently leaning the baby forward to allow gravity to help pull the piece of food towards the front of the mouth for baby to more easily spit out. Those moments can feel scary, but they are valuable teaching moments for baby to learn what isn’t safe to swallow and to practice spitting out foods.
At this age, babies develop a pincer grasp (where the thumb and forefinger meet), which enables them to pick up smaller pieces of food. When you see signs of this development happening, try moving down in size by offering cooked carrots cut into bite-sized pieces. You can also offer grated raw carrot. As the child gets closer to 18 months, consider cutting raw carrot into matchsticks, which pose a bigger risk for choking, but offer the child the opportunity to build jaw strength and practice biting and spitting out large pieces. Raw carrots are a choking hazard, so make sure you are creating a safe eating environment by minimizing distractions (no cell phones, no tablets), making sure the child is in a supported seat, and staying near them at mealtime.
Continue to offer whole carrots that have been cooked and cut into bite size pieces, or if you like, larger pieces as a finger food. Many toddlers are ready to handle raw carrots closer to age two. If you feel comfortable with the child’s eating skills, you can offer raw carrot that has been cut into sticks by quartering raw carrots. As always, you can reduce the risk of choking by making sure to create a safe eating environment and stay within arm’s reach at mealtime.
Continue to offer cooked carrots as desired and raw carrots cut into sticks. If you have not yet offered raw carrots cut into sticks, you may want to begin there before progressing to whole baby carrots. When a child is regularly showing mature chewing skills (taking small bites, moving food to the side of the mouth to be chewed and chewing thoroughly, and not stuffing too much food in their mouth), they may be ready to practice eating whole, raw, baby carrots in a safe, supervised setting. Raw baby carrots pose a high choking risk because of their shape and firm texture, so offer them when a child is seated, engaged in eating, and when you can supervise mealtime closely.
We suggest demonstrating chewing with the molars prior to offering the whole, raw, baby carrot: open your mouth, place the vegetable on your back teeth and explain, “I am using my strong back teeth to crush this carrot, and I have to chew it A LOT.” You may want to consider holding the baby carrot for your child to practice biting—hold at the corner of their mouth and allow your child to close their teeth on the food. Coach your child to push hard to break through the baby carrot. You can make a big deal about the loud crunch sounds that happens when they chew through it.
If your toddler does not attempt to bite and chew with coaching, you can continue to serve thin, raw carrot sticks to help build chewing skill.
How to prepare carrots for babies 6 months+
Learn more about how to make high-risk foods safe for babies in our Starting Solids virtual course.
2 c (480 ml)
2 tbsp (28 g) unsalted butter
1 bunch chives
This recipe contains a common allergen: dairy (butter). Only serve to a child after this allergen has been safely introduced.
Wash, dry, and peel the carrots. Cut off the stem and root ends. Cut the carrots into age-appropriate sizes.
Place the carrots in a skillet or a wide microwave-safe bowl. Add enough water to barely cover the bottom of the skillet or bowl. Cover and steam the carrots until they are easily pierced with a knife, about 5 minutes in the microwave or 10 minutes on the stovetop.
While the carrots are steaming, chop the chives or another herb like mint or parsley. Herbs may be introduced as soon as baby is ready to start solids, and babies tend to like the flavors they try early and often.
Transfer the cooked carrots to a mixing bowl, then add the butter and chives. Toss to coat the carrots in the herb and the butter as it melts.
Set aside some carrots for the child and mash them if you like, then season the rest with salt to taste for yourself.
Serve the Carrot
Offer carrots, then let the child self-feed.
If help is needed, hold a carrot in the air in front of the child, then let them grab it from you. Alternatively, pre-load a spoon with mashed carrots and let baby try to pick it up on their own.
Eat some carrots alongside baby to model how it’s done.
To Store: Steamed Carrot with Herb Butter keeps in an airtight container in the refrigerator for 3 days or in the freezer for 2 months.
Carrots taste earthy and sweet. Try pairing carrots with creamy foods like avocado, coconut, egg, goat cheese, kefir, mascarpone cheese, ricotta cheese, or yogurt to balance the vegetable’s flavor. Add ground nuts like hazelnut, pecan, or walnut or serve alongside legumes like chickpea or lentils or grains like Khorasan wheat or quinoa for a complimentary earthy flavor. Carrots also taste delicious with fellow fruits and vegetables like apple, beet, cabbage, garden peas, green beans, lemon, onion, orange, pear, potato, and snap peas.
Pediatrician & pediatric gastroenterologist
Pediatrician & pediatric allergist/immunologist
Pediatric occupational therapist, feeding & swallowing specialist, international board-certified lactation consultant
Speech-language pathologist, feeding & swallowing specialist
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