Black beans may be introduced as soon as baby is ready to start solids, which is generally around 6 months of age.
Black bean (or black turtle bean) originated in the Americas as part of the common bean family, which encompasses kidney bean, navy bean, and more. Black beans evolved from wild plants in the warm, fertile tropics of Central America, where humans first learned to cultivate the legume. From there, dried beans traveled northward with migration and trade with Indigenous peoples living on the Caribbean islands and along the eastern seaboard of North America. Over time, black beans became a key ingredient in kitchens across the Americas, from the northern regions of the Great Lakes, where black bean is a major agricultural crop, through Central and South America, where black beans are a staple food.
Sebastián, 8 months, eats black bean purée on a teething rusk cracker
Julian, 12 months, eats black beans
Max, 14 months, eats black beans with sour cream and avocado
Yes. To start, black beans are an excellent source of fiber, carbohydrates, and protein, as well as plant-based omega 3 fatty acids. They contain B-vitamins, specifically vitamin B1 and folate, which help our bodies process carbohydrates, fats, and proteins and power our brain and nervous system. The best part about black beans: they contain iron and zinc, two essential nutrients for babies. Babies need increasing amounts of iron starting at the 6-month mark, when their reserves become depleted, and black beans offer a great source of dietary iron at this stage of a baby’s life. Plus, the bean’s black shell offers anthocyanins, plant-based compounds with antioxidants that fight free radicals in the body.
Yes. Black beans are a choking hazard due to their small size and rounded shape especially when raw or undercooked. To reduce the risk, cook until soft, and mash beans into a paste or flatten each bean before serving. As always, make sure you create a safe eating environment and stay within an arm’s reach of baby during meals. For more information on choking, visit our sections on gagging and choking and familiarize yourself with the list of common choking hazards.
No. Black beans are not a common food allergen. Bean allergies have been reported in some patients with allergies to other legumes, including peanut and soybean (which are common food allergens). However, being allergic to one type of legume does not necessarily mean that an individual will be allergic to others, although the risk of having more than one legume allergy can increase. Fortunately, most individuals with peanut or soy allergy are able to tolerate other legumes just fine.
Individuals with allergies to birch tree pollen and/or Oral Allergy Syndrome (also called pollen-food allergy syndrome) may be sensitive to legumes, such as black beans. Oral Allergy Syndrome typically results in short-lived itching, tingling, or burning in the mouth and is unlikely to result in a dangerous reaction.
As you would when introducing any new food, start by offering a small quantity for the first few servings. If there is no adverse reaction, gradually increase the quantity over future meals.
Yes. Look for black beans marked “no salt added” or “low sodium,” as many canned beans have sodium in excess of baby’s needs, and opt for cans marked “BPA-free,” when available. Bisphenol A (BPA) is used to line the interior of some food containers, and studies show that frequent exposure can affect baby’s neurological development.
Yes. Often called anti-nutrients, these naturally-occurring plant compounds (including lectins, oxalates, and phytates) break down during the soaking and cooking process and are generally harmless in healthy people when consumed as part of a balanced diet. Lectins and oxalates can even offer health benefits, such as antioxidant and anti-cancer properties.
No, but soaking them in water prior to cooking can reduce cooking time, reduce the levels of lectin and of a gas-producing carbohydrate, raffinose, and help make the bean and its key nutrients more easily digestible.
Here are a couple of soaking methods:
Overnight soak: Use a ratio of 1 lb (454 g) of dried beans and 10 c (2 ½ liter) water, and soak the beans in water for 4 or more hours or overnight. Drain and rinse the beans prior to cooking.
Hot soak method: Use a ratio of 1 lb (454 g) of dried beans and 10 c (2 ½ liter) water, and bring the mixture to a boil for 2-3 minutes. Turn off the heat, then soak for a few hours. Drain and rinse the beans prior to cooking.
★Tip: Cooking dried black beans from scratch and finding they won’t soften? It’s possible they’re past their prime. While black beans are shelf stable for around one year, black beans that are more recently packed will cook better and easier than ones with an older pack date.
Yes. The high concentrations of fiber and resistant starches in beans interact with certain bacteria in the gut, resulting in gas, helping move poop along, and contributing to a diverse ecosystem in the digestive tract. While gas is normal and expected, excess gas can be uncomfortable for baby. To minimize digestive discomfort, introduce high-fiber foods like black beans gradually and regularly in baby’s diet as tolerated. Remember that pooping patterns can vary significantly from baby to baby. If you have concerns about your baby’s pooping and digestive function, talk to your pediatric healthcare provider.
Every baby develops on their own timeline, and the suggestions on how to cut or prepare particular foods are generalizations for a broad audience. Your child is an individual and may have needs or considerations beyond generally accepted practices. In determining the recommendations for size and shape of foods, we use the best available scientific information regarding gross, fine, and oral motor development to minimize choking risk. The preparation suggestions we offer are for informational purposes only and are not a substitute for child-specific, one-on-one advice from your pediatric medical or health professional or provider. It is impossible to fully eliminate all risk of a baby or child choking on any liquid, puree, or food. We advise you to follow all safety protocols we suggest to create a safe eating environment and to make educated choices for your child regarding their specific needs. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read or seen here.
Crush or blend cooked black beans into a textured mash or smooth paste for baby to scoop with their hands. If you prefer, serve the mash or paste with a spoon or thinly spread it on thin rice cakes or corn tortilla. To boost nutrition, stir in breast milk, formula, olive oil, or even yogurt when making the mash or paste. You can also stir the crushed or pureed black beans into soft, scoopable foods like corn grits, mashed vegetables, rice porridge, or stewed greens. Just start with small portions of black beans at first, to minimize any digestive discomfort from the high-fiber food.
Babies with a developing pincer grasp (where the thumb meets the pointer finger) may graduate to black beans that have been gently flattened between your thumb and finger before serving. Alternatively, continue serving mashed or pureed black beans for baby to scoop with hands, dip in fingers or pieces of cooked vegetables, or practice eating with a spoon.
By this age, toddlers should be able to handle whole cooked black beans so try offering the beans on their own or as part of a shared meal. You can, of course, continue to mash and pre-load on spoons. To encourage self-feeding with utensils, scoop up some beans and lay the utensil next to the food for the child to try to pick up.
Blending canned black beans to make a paste for young babies
How to serve black beans for babies 6 months+
Bring baby to the table with meal ideas from our guide, 100 Dinners for Babies & Toddlers.
This recipe contains a common allergen: dairy (sour cream). Only serve to a child after this allergen has been safely introduced.
Rinse the beans to remove excess sodium.
Combine the beans and rice in a mixing bowl.
Season the burrito mixture with cumin and lime juice to taste. Feel free to omit or swap them for any seasonings that you want baby to learn to love.
Cut the avocado into age-appropriate sizes, then mix it into the burrito mixture.
Set aside some burrito mixture for the child, and prepare the beans in an age-appropriate way: mashed or flattened to reduce the choking risk for babies or kept them whole for toddlers.
Before serving, drizzle sour cream and sprinkle cilantro leaves on top of the burrito bowls, and season yours with salsa or hot sauce, salt, and your favorite toppings.
Serve the Burrito Bowl
Offer the burrito bowl to baby, then let the child self-feed.
If help is needed, mash some avocado, beans, and rice to pre-load on a spoon, then hold the spoon in the air in front of the child and let them grab it from you.
Eat your burrito bowl alongside baby to model how it’s done.
To Store: Burrito Bowls keep in airtight containers in the refrigerator for 3 days.
Pediatrician & pediatric gastroenterologist
Pediatrician & pediatric allergist/immunologist
Pediatric occupational therapist, feeding & swallowing specialist, international board-certified lactation consultant
Speech-language pathologist, feeding & swallowing specialist
Pediatric registered dietitian & nutritionist
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