Catfish

Food Type:
Age Suggestion: 6 months +
Nutrition Rating:How nutritious a food is with a focus on the specific nutrients babies need for optimal growth. The more nutritious a food, the more stars it will have.
Prep Time:How much time a food takes to prepare safely for a baby. The more time-consuming a food is to prepare safely, the more clocks it will have.
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Common Allergen: Yes (
  • Fish
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May cause allergic reactions.

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a catfish filet before being prepared for babies starting solids

When can babies eat catfish?

Catfish may be introduced as soon as your baby is ready to start solids, which is generally around 6 months of age. 

The ubiquitous catfish—named for its distinctive barbels that resemble a feline’s whiskers—thrive in freshwaters around the world, and even in some oceans, too. The fish has many nicknames (blue channel, bottom feeders, chuckleheads, mud cat, to name a few). Once cooked, catfish has a flaky consistency and mild taste, making it an easy protein alternative to meat and legumes.

In North America, the channel catfish is one of the most popular species to cook, especially among fans of the fish fry—a great party dish to feed a crowd. Channel catfish are available whole or in processed cuts (fillets, steaks, nuggets, strips, and fingers) from many different sources, from the fish farms of the American South, to the brackish waters of the Chesapeake Bay, to freshwater lakes and ponds between southern Canada and northern Mexico.

Beau, 12 months, eats breaded catfish.
Max, 19 months, eats catfish.

Is catfish healthy for babies?

It depends on the kind of catfish. There are hundreds of species of catfish that range in size from the tiny banjo catfish of South America to the massive Mekong catfish (up to 9 feet long).1 Size is important because generally, the bigger the fish and the longer it lives, the higher the content of mercury and other toxic metals.

When shopping for catfish, look for North American channel catfish (wild or farmed). Channel catfish raised in American farms will have less mercury than their wild counterparts, though farmed fish can be lower in omega-3 fatty acids due to their processed diet.2 3 North American channel catfish also have another fin up on the competition: they’re subject to American regulatory standards, while inspection and monitoring of imported catfish have been called into question.4

Nutritionally, catfish offer decent amounts of protein and B vitamins, including vitamin B12, which supports brain development and blood production in a baby’s rapidly growing body. They also contain selenium and omega-3 fatty acids, though not as much as salmon, sardines, and trout. 

As you do with all fish, consider where and how catfish were caught before purchasing. A widely respected go-to resource, the Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch, suggests consumers look for catfish farmed in the United States or blue catfish caught in the Chesapeake Bay. If you don’t know where the catfish is from and how it was caught or farmed, look for other seafood and say ‘no, thanks’ to all other sources of imported farmed catfish.” 5

Is catfish a choking hazard for babies?

No. Catfish flesh doesn’t pose a significant risk, though fish bones certainly can cause problems. Before serving, take care to remove the skin and bones, and cut up the food into age-appropriate sizes and shapes.

For more information, visit our section on gagging and choking and familiarize yourself with common choking hazards.

Is catfish a common allergen?

Yes. Finned fish and shellfish are common food allergens. That said, it’s estimated that only 1 percent of people in the United States are allergic to finned fish.6 Unfortunately, most individuals who are allergic to finned fish do not outgrow the allergy.7

If you have a family history of allergies or suspect your baby may be allergic to fish, make an appointment with an allergist before introducing catfish. As with all common allergens, introduce catfish in scant amounts and watch closely as your baby eats to see if any adverse reaction occurs. If all goes well, gradually increase the serving size to your baby over time. 

How do you prepare catfish for babies with baby-led weaning?

6 to 9 months old: Serve a catfish fillet that’s easy for babies to grab with their fists, which is about the size of two adult pinky fingers placed next to one another. Alternatively, try placing a bit of catfish flakes in a bowl that suctions to the table and let your baby get messy. Remember to limit the amount served during the first couple of meals until a fish allergy is ruled out. 

9 to 18 months old: This is a great age for fish cakes! The patty shape is easy for babies to grab and hold independently and will maximize consumption. 

18 to 24 months old: Try mixing flaked catfish into an omelet or healthy grains (such as quinoa) and encourage your baby to practice using utensils with an age-appropriate fork.

For more information on how to cut food for your baby’s age, hop over to our section on Food Sizes & Shapes.

★ProTip: When introducing a new food to babies, try serving it two ways, such as catfish cakes and freshly cooked catfish in butter. Like all humans, babies—and especially toddlers—enjoy choice. Every child is different and certain textures and shapes will appeal to some more than others. 

Recipe: Cajun Catfish

Ingredients

  • Catfish fillets
  • Butter
  • Paprika
  • Garlic powder
  • Thyme
  • Cayenne (optional)

Directions

  1. Preheat the oven to 375 degrees.
  2. Combine 1 cup of cornmeal and a sprinkle of pepper. Dredge 1 or 2 catfish fillets in the cornmeal mixture to coat. Lay the fish on a parchment-lined baking sheet.
  3. Mix 1 spoonful of paprika with ½ spoonful of garlic powder and a pinch or two of thyme and cayenne, if you’d like to add a little heat.
  4. Melt ½ stick of butter, then pour on the fish. Generously sprinkle the spice mixture on top of the fish.
  5. Bake the catfish until fully cooked, about 35 minutes. It’s done when a knife inserted in the thickest part of the fillet shows no translucent flesh and the fish flakes easily.

Warning: This recipe contains potentially allergenic foods. Only serve it after corn, dairy, and fish have been safely introduced.

Flavor Pairings

Like most white, flaky fish, catfish pairs nicely with avocado, fennel, garlic, lemon, mango, parsley, paprika, potatoes, and tomatoes.

  1. Mydans, S. (2005). Hunt for the big fish becomes a race. The New York Times. New York, NY. Retrieved April 26, 2020
  2. Bendrick, L. (2009). What’s the dish on farm-raised catfish?. Grist. Seattle, WA. Retrieved April 26, 2020
  3. United States Food and Drug Administration. (2017, Oct. 25). Mercury levels in commercial fish and shellfish (1990-2012). Retrieved February 2, 2020
  4. Margolis, J. (2018). The great catfish war rages on. PRI: Public Radio International. Minneapolis, MN. Retrieved April 26, 2020
  5. Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch. Catfish Recommendations. Retrieved April 26, 2020
  6. Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Connection Team. Food Allergy & Anaphylaxis – Fish. Retrieved January 6, 2020
  7. Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Connection Team. Food Allergy & Anaphylaxis – Fish. Retrieved January 6, 2020